The second-largest ant species in our country is Camponotus vagus. It is a monogynous (single-queen), claustral species. They have three worker castes: minor, media, major. The workers are large, robust, strong, and resilient. Camponotus vagus has a velvety black color with silver hairs covering its body. Besides their strong mandibles, they defend themselves by releasing acid. These ants are aggressive, and their bites are powerful, although they are not dangerous to us, because they can not pierce the human skin. They make their nests in dead wood, they can tolerate drier environments well. They become more active and develop faster in warmer temperatures, but too much heat may make them passive. They establish colonies consisting of thousands of workers, and their workers are looking for food both on the ground and in the treetops. In case of danger, workers alert their mates by tapping their heads. The expected lifespan of the queen can reach 10-15 years.
Feeding: Feed them with honey and insects.
Colony size: The colony reproduces slowly in the beginning, raising 10-20 workers in the first year. However, by the second year, they can reach a population of 100 workers. The colony is timid at the beginning, but as they reach several hundred workers, they become brave and aggressively guard their territory.
Hibernation: They hibernate at temperatures between 5-8°C, from the end of November to the end of March.